The International Scientific Community has outlined some key points on which a screening activity of wave energy technologies has to be based, which can be summarized as follows:

  • develop reliable technologies;
  • keeping the costs low;
  • promote eco-compatible systems.

The main aim of this Social Innovation Project is to contribute to the development of an innovative technology able to exploits potential energy in waves, generating “clean” electricity at very low cost. This energy can be used for the port activities and/or to satisfy the demand of local communities. The research activities represent the state of the art of the sector. The preliminary dissertations have already an extensive and documented involvement in the international scientific community. Many of the research results can be applied to innovative breakwater not designed for the production of electrical energy from wave motion. Some scientific issues of general nature are covering the scaling of impulsive actions from model to prototype scale. Research activities that will result from the monitoring of the experimental prototype include:

  • hydraulic performances (wave overtopping) and protection of the port area at the rear side of the structure;
  • reduction of the uplift pressures at the base reservoir thanks to a submerged frontal ramp;
  • WECs integration and reduction of the construction costs of the crown wall;
  • hydrodynamic effects of the parapet located on the top of the crown;
  • performances in terms of energetic production of the device on the Italian coasts and the Atlantic Ocean;

This integration has several advantages, from the economical, constructional and operational point of view:

  • lower cost of construction (sharing cost);
  • the access for construction, operation and maintenance of the devices would become much easier;
  • elimination of the armour layer with large concrete armour units (e.g. tetrapod);
  • reduction of the natural stones of the armour layer, environment-friendly construction by reducing the amount of natural blocks extracted and transported from rock quarries;
  • reduction of the impact on the natural landscape, on the urban skyline waterfront and the environment by lowering the crest of the crown wall compared with a traditional breakwater (with the same average overtopping flux at the rear side of the structure);
  • recirculation of the water inside the harbour;

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